Breast augmentation is the most commonly performed cosmetic surgery in the U.S. and thus the most commonly performed breast plastic surgery. Today it is crucial to be fully aware of all the risks and complications that you could run into. In breast plastic surgery, breast implants are used for cosmetic reasons or to reconstruct the breast such as after a mastectomy, to fix hereditary malformations or as part of male-to-female gender reassignment surgical procedures.
Silicone gel implants have a silicone casing and are filled with viscous silicone gel. There have been many types of breast implants developed besides the two most common, saline filled and silicone gel filled, including polypropylene string and soy oil, only these are not ordinarily in use, if at all; escape of oil into the body during a break wouldn’t be favorable. In the seventies cosmetic surgeons desired spongier and more natural implants therefore breast implant were redesigned with more wafer-thin gel and slimmer shells; these implants had more of an inclination to break and leak, or “bleed” silicone through the implant shell into the body cavity and complications such as capsular contracture were common.
The first implantation with silicone implants took place in 1962. In the mid eighties, improvements in manufacturing principles gave rise to elastomer-coated shells to lessen gel bleed, and are filled with denser, more cohesive gel; these implants are distributed under controlled circumstances in the United States and Canada, and are widely utilized in other countries. Saline-filled implants are the most common implant in use in the United States due to a few restrictions on silicone implants, which could change, but are rarely in use in other countries.
Because the saline implants are empty when they are surgically slipped in, the scar is more limited than for silicone gel breast implants which are already filled with silicone prior to insertion. For women with very little breast tissue, or for post-mastectomy reconstruction, plastic surgeons think that silicone gel implants are the better device; but in patients with a lot of breast tissue, saline implants may appear very similar to silicone gel implants.
One report stated that only 30% of ruptures in symptomless patients are accurately discovered by knowledgeable plastic surgeons, compared to 86% found by MRI. Countries outside of the U.S. haven’t supported regular magnetic resonance imaging and have taken the stance that MRI’s should be reserved for cases involving suspected clinical rupture or to support mammographic or ultrasound reports that indicate rupture. Once breast implants are removed that have been implanted for a long time, a mastopexy is frequently performed to tighten up the loose skin: this constitutes added surgery typically performed concurrently and at an extra expense.
Localized complications that can happen with breast implants include post-operative hemorrhaging, fluid accumulations, operative site infection, breast pain, changes in nipple sensation, disturbance with breast feeding, visual crinkling, lopsided appearance, wound dehiscence with possible implant exposure, thinning of the breast tissue, and disturbance of the normal plane between the breasts. Manufacturers and surgeons are required to inform women that implants are not everlasting devices and that most patients will likely necessitate further surgery to replace or take out their implants. Capsules of tightly-interwoven collagen fibers constitute as an immunologic response around a foreign body like breast implants, which tends to wall it off; capsular contracture occurs when the capsule tightens up and constricts the implant. A contracture is a complication that may be very uncomfortable and distort the appearance of the implanted breast.
There’s a popular international consensus in the medical arena that silicone implants in breast plastic surgery haven’t been proven to induce systemic illness, barring the possibility that a small group of patients might become sick through (so far) unidentified mechanisms that might prove challenging; this has been called into question by a lot of women going through varied health issues. The Food and Drug Administration has recommended that MRIs should be looked at to screen for silent rupture beginning at approximately three years after implantation then every two years thereafter.
While the universal international consensus is that silicone implants in breast plastic surgery hasn’t been proven to induce systemic illness, one must keep in mind that numerous women have reported a link to symptoms they’re experiencing and to their breast augmentation. As with any decision, be sure to consider the benefits and risks carefully prior to proceeding with any breast plastic surgery. If you choose to go forward, be sure you select the best breast plastic surgeon based upon your research; ask health professionals you know for referrals.